10 interesting facts about Crimea


Sokol mountain top view overlooking Novy Svet (New World) settlement

1. Crimea is a unique peninsula, on a small territory of which three natural and climatic zones meet: steppe (with temperate continental climate), mountains and the Southern coast of Crimea (a climate zone close to subtropical).
2. The biggest bay – the Bay of Sevastopol. Its length is 8 km.


3. The most mysterious bay of Crimea – the Balaklava Bay is 12 km away from Sevastopol. It is hidden among the rocks of the Balaklava mountains and is not visible from the sea. The ancient Greeks called it Symbolon Limpe – the Harbour of Omen.


4. The North Crimean Canal. The length of its main channel is 402.6 km, width – up to 150 m, depth – 7 m. Total length of the distributing system – 1,500 km.


5. Roman Kosh – the highest point of the Babugan Yayla (plateau) and the Crimean Mountains. Its height is 1,545 meters above sea level. On its top you can find a rare endemic flower – silvery Crimean edelweiss.


6. Europe’s longest interurban trolleybus line is laid from Simferopol to Yalta. Its length from the “Simferopol” Airport to Yalta bus station is 95 km. The first route (Simferopol-Alushta) was opened in 1959, the second (Simferopol-Yalta) – two years later.


7. The first steam locomotive railway in Crimea was built by the British during the siege of Sevastopol. The road connected Balaklava (main British base in Sevastopol) with the front edge – Sapun mountain and Gosforth mountain. The length of the road – about 13 km.


8. The shallowest sea in the world – the Sea of Azov. Its depth is not more than 15 m and an average depth – about 8 meters. It is also the most desalinated sea.


9. Kizil-Koba (Red Cave) – the biggest cave of Crimea. The total length of the explored part of the cave is more than 16 km.


10. Sevastopol – the city with the largest number of monuments in Crimea. This hero-city has more than 2015 monuments of history and culture, including ancient ones.


Author: Редакция Avdet